In a healthy body, there is a healthy colon. Similarly, the father of modern medicine, Hippocrates, said. Developments in science to prove it because a healthy digestive system will strengthen the immune system that ultimately protects the body from various diseases.
One key to maintaining healthy intestinal flora is with balancing the gut. "There are about 100 trillion inhabitants of the intestine that serves to metabolic substances in the intestine so that we are healthy. Imbalance of gut flora can cause health problems," explained Prof.dr.Aziz Rani, Sp.PD-KGEH, chairman of the gastroenterology division of the department of internal medicine Faculty of Medicine, Indonesia.
At birth, the human gastrointestinal tract in a sterile condition. The first prize is given a mother to her baby are good bacteria, through the birth canal if delivered vaginally. When you were born via caesarean section, then the bacteria residing in the operating room immediately domiciled in the gastrointestinal tract.
Similarly, infants who received breast milk, the channel cernanya more dominated by Bifidobacteria as in breast milk contained a variety of compounds supporting growth of good bacteria known as a prebiotic.
The more complex human diasup food, which becomes increasingly diverse resident intestinal bacteria. These form a separate community that the number could reach trillions of bacteria. "Even in humans exceeds the number of cells in the human body," said Aziz.
Types of bacteria that exist in the human gut vary depending on environmental factors, method of delivery, breastfeeding, up to the type of food consumed. "Although both in Asia, could be bacteria in the intestines of Indonesia is different from bacteria in the intestines of Thailand," he said.
In addition to the good bacteria, also inhabited by human gut bacteria or pathogens that cause disease. "If there is harmony or balance your body will stay healthy," he said in a media event Digestive Health education: Early Healthy Living in Jakarta (25 / 5).
But the balance can be disturbed by man's own lifestyle. Stress, high-fat foods, pollution, or medications such as antibiotics, may disrupt the micro-ecology in the gastrointestinal tract. This is certainly a negative impact on health.
Microbial balance in the gastrointestinal tract can be maintained with a healthy lifestyle. Eating foods high in fiber, physical activity, and mengasup probiotics can increase the amount of good bacteria in the gut.
"Probiotics are live bacteria added to food and have a beneficial effect by improving the health of intestinal flora," said Purnomo dr.Herry Djagat, Sp.PD-KGEH, chairman of the working group probiotic gastroenterology societies Indonesia.
According to existing research, probiotics play an important role in digestive health. Probiotic functions vary depending on the species. There is help the absorption of nutrients, one can produce vitamins, there is help fight the growth of bad bacteria, there is also a role in accelerating the transit time of food in the intestine, thus preventing constipation.
Probiotics can be obtained from the fungus tempeh, onions, bananas, asparagus, or yogurt. However, according to Herrick to be called probiotic should have conditions to be met, among others, can reach the intestine alive and in large quantities.